Introduction and overview
The following Management's Discussion and Analysis ("MD&A"), should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements ("Financial Statements"), the Forward-Looking Statements and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 2020, ("2020 Form 10-K"). All Note references herein refer to the Notes to the Financial Statements. Tabular amounts are displayed in millions of U.S.dollars except per share and unit count amounts, or as otherwise specifically identified. Percentages may not recompute due to rounding. Yum! Brands, Inc.and its Subsidiaries (collectively referred to herein as the "Company," "YUM," "we," "us" or "our") franchise or operate a system of over 52,000 restaurants in more than 150 countries and territories, primarily under the concepts of KFC, Pizza Hut, Taco Belland The Habit Burger Grill(collectively, the "Concepts"). The Company's KFC, Pizza Hutand Taco Bell brands are global leaders of the chicken, pizza and Mexican-style food categories, respectively. The Habit Burger Grill, a concept we acquired on March 18, 2020, is a fast-casual restaurant concept specializing in made-to-order chargrilled burgers, sandwiches and more. Of the over 52,000 restaurants, 98% are operated by franchisees.
YUM currently consists of four operating segments:
â¢The KFC Division which includes our worldwide operations of the
KFCconcept â¢The Pizza Hut Division which includes our worldwide operations of the Pizza Hutconcept â¢The Taco Bell Division which includes our worldwide operations of the Taco Bellconcept â¢The Habit Burger Grill Division which includes our worldwide operations of the Habit Burger Grillconcept Through our Recipe for Growth and Good we intend to unlock the growth potential of our Concepts and YUM, drive increased collaboration across our Concepts and geographies and consistently deliver better customer experiences, improved unit economics and higher rates of growth. Key enablers include accelerated use of technology and better leverage of our systemwide scale. Our Recipe for Growth is based on four key drivers: â¢Unrivaled Culture and Talent: Leverage our culture and people capability to fuel brand performance and franchise success â¢Unmatched Operating Capability: Recruit and equip the best restaurant operators in the world to deliver great customer experiences â¢Relevant, Easy and Distinctive Brands: Innovate and elevate iconic restaurant brands people trust and champion â¢Bold Restaurant Development: Drive market and franchise expansion with strong economics and value
Our global citizenship strategy, called Recipe for Good, reflects our priorities for socially responsible growth, risk management and the sustainable stewardship of our people, our food and our planet.
We intend for this MD&A to provide the reader with information that will assist in understanding our results of operations, including performance metrics that management uses to assess the Company's performance. Throughout this MD&A, we commonly discuss the following performance metrics: â¢Same-store sales growth is the estimated percentage change in system sales of all restaurants that have been open and in the YUM system for one year or more (with the exception of
Habit Burger Grillrestaurants acquired in the first quarter of 2020 for which we included all sales in the quarter ended March 31, 2020both before and after the acquisition in the prior year base for purposes of determining same-store sales growth for the year to date ended September 30, 2021), including those temporarily closed. From time-to-time restaurants may be temporarily closed due to remodeling or image enhancement, rebuilding, natural disasters, health epidemic or pandemic, landlord disputes or other issues. Throughout 2020 and continuing into 2021 we have had a significant number of restaurants that were temporarily closed including restaurants closed due to government and landlord restrictions as a result of COVID-19. The system sales of restaurants we deem temporarily closed remain in our base for purposes of determining same-store sales growth and the restaurants remain in our unit count (see below). We believe same-store sales growth is useful to investors because our results are heavily dependent on the results of our Concepts' existing store base. Additionally, same-store sales growth is reflective of the strength of our Brands, the effectiveness of our operational and advertising initiatives and local economic and consumer trends. 24 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- â¢Net new unit growth reflects new unit openings offset by permanent store closures, by us and our franchisees. To determine whether a restaurant meets the definition of a unit we consider whether the restaurant has operations that are ongoing and independent from another YUM unit, serves the primary product of one of our Concepts, operates under a separate franchise agreement (if operated by a franchisee) and has substantial and sustainable sales. We believe net new unit growth is useful to investors because we depend on net new units for a significant portion of our growth. Additionally, net new unit growth is generally reflective of the economic returns to us and our franchisees from opening and operating our Concept restaurants. â¢System sales and System sales excluding the impacts of foreign currency translation ("FX") reflect the results of all restaurants regardless of ownership, including Company-owned and franchise restaurants. Sales at franchise restaurants typically generate ongoing franchise and license fees for the Company at a rate of 3% to 6% of sales. Increasingly, customers are paying a fee to a third party to deliver or facilitate the ordering of our Concepts' products. We also include in System sales any portion of the amount customers pay these third parties for which the third party is obligated to pay us a license fee as a percentage of such amount. Franchise restaurant sales and fees paid by customers to third parties to deliver or facilitate the ordering of our Concepts' products are not included in Company sales on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income; however, any resulting franchise and license fees we receive are included in the Company's revenues. We believe System sales growth is useful to investors as a significant indicator of the overall strength of our business as it incorporates our primary revenue drivers, Company and franchise same-store sales as well as net unit growth.
In addition to the results provided in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in
â¢ Diluted earnings per share excluding special items (as defined below);
â¢ Effective tax rate excluding special items;
â¢ Basic operating profit. Principal operating profit excludes special items and currencies and we use principal operating profit for the purpose of evaluating performance internally.
â¢ Company restaurant profit and company restaurant margin as a percentage of sales (as defined below).
These non-GAAP measurements are not intended to replace the presentation of our financial results in accordance with GAAP. Rather, the Company believes that the presentation of these non-GAAP measurements provide additional information to investors to facilitate the comparison of past and present operations. Special Items are not included in any of our Division segment results as the Company does not believe they are indicative of our ongoing operations due to their size and/or nature. Our chief operating decision maker does not consider the impact of Special Items when assessing segment performance. Company restaurant profit is defined as Company sales less Company restaurant expenses, both of which appear on the face of our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Company restaurant expenses include those expenses incurred directly by our Company-owned restaurants in generating Company sales, including cost of food and paper, cost of restaurant-level labor, rent, depreciation and amortization of restaurant-level assets and advertising expenses incurred by and on behalf of that Company restaurant. Company restaurant margin as a percentage of sales ("Company restaurant margin %") is defined as Company restaurant profit divided by Company sales. We use Company restaurant profit for the purposes of internally evaluating the performance of our Company-owned restaurants and we believe Company restaurant profit provides useful information to investors as to the profitability of our Company-owned restaurants. In calculating Company restaurant profit, the Company excludes revenues and expenses directly associated with our franchise operations as well as non-restaurant-level costs included in General and administrative expenses, some of which may support Company-owned restaurant operations. The Company also excludes restaurant-level asset impairment and closures expenses, which have historically not been significant, from the determination of Company restaurant profit as such expenses are not believed to be indicative of ongoing operations. Company restaurant profit and Company restaurant margin % as presented may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies in the industry. Certain performance metrics and non-GAAP measurements are presented excluding the impact of FX. These amounts are derived by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates. We believe the elimination of the FX impact provides better year-to-year comparability without the distortion of foreign currency fluctuations. 25 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Results of operations
All comparisons in this summary are against the same period one year ago.
For the quarter ended
September 30, 2021, GAAP diluted EPS was $1.75per share, an increase from $0.92per share in the quarter ended September 30, 2020, and diluted EPS, excluding Special Items, was $1.22per share, an increase from $1.01per share in the quarter ended September 30, 2020. For the year to date ended September 30, 2021, GAAP diluted EPS was $4.10per share, an increase from $1.86per share in the year to date ended September 30, 2020, and diluted EPS, excluding Special Items, was $3.44per share, an increase from $2.47per share in the year to date ended September 30, 2020.
Quarterly Financial Highlights:
% Change System Sales, ex FX Same-Store Sales Units GAAP Operating Profit Core Operating Profit KFC Division +11 +6 +7 +14 +10 Pizza Hut Division +4 +4 +1 +13 +11 Taco Bell Division +8 +5 +3 (1) (1) Worldwide +8 +5 +4 +12 +3
To date Financial highlights:
% Change System Sales, ex FX Same-Store Sales Units GAAP Operating Profit Core Operating Profit KFC Division +18 +14 +7 +42 +35 Pizza Hut Division +7 +9 +1 +21 +18 Taco Bell Division +14 +12 +3 +16 +16 Worldwide(1) +15 +12 +4 +60 +26 (1) Worldwide system sales growth ex F/X for the year to date ended
September 30, 2021, includes the benefit of our acquisition of Habit Burger Grillon March 18, 2020. Same-store sales reflects the inclusion of Habit Burger Grillin the prior year base for periods in the first-quarter of 2020 both before and after the acquisition. Operating profit results of Habit Burger Grillfor the period subsequent to our acquisition are reflected in the consolidated figures.
â¢ New net units added were 760 for the quarter and 1,798 for the year to date.
â¢During the quarter, we repurchased 2.6 million shares totaling
$330 millionat an average price of $126.98. During the year to date, we repurchased 7.3 million shares totaling $860 millionat an average price of $117.07.
â¢ Currency translation had a positive impact on the division’s operating profit for the quarter and year to date of
Worldwide GAAP Results Quarter ended Year to date 2021 2020 % B/(W) 2021 2020 % B/(W) Company sales
$ 513 $ 4865 $ 1,509 $ 1,24421 Franchise and property revenues 716 639 12 2,080 1,760 18 Franchise contributions for 377 323 17 1,105 905 22 advertising and other services Total revenues 1,606 1,448 11 4,694 3,909 20 Company restaurant expenses 421 399 (5) 1,230 1,046 (18) G&A expenses 253 257 1 689 724 5 Franchise and property expenses 31 13 (145) 81 107 25 Franchise advertising and other 375 313 (19) 1,090 887 (23) services expense Refranchising (gain) loss 1 (9) (108) (21) (30) (30) Other (income) expense (2) 4 NM (12) 154 NM Total costs and expenses, net 1,079 977 (10) 3,057 2,888 (6) Operating Profit 527 471 12 1,637 1,021 60 Investment (income) expense, net (51) (10) 386 (52) (67) (22) Other pension (income) expense 1 4 74 6 9 34 Interest expense, net 126 161 23 416 411 (1) Income before income taxes 451 316 43 1,267 668 90 Income tax (benefit) provision (77) 33 330 22 96 77 Net Income $ 528 $ 28387 $ 1,245 $ 572118 Diluted EPS(a) $ 1.75 $ 0.9290 $ 4.10 $ 1.86120 Effective tax rate (17.0) % 10.5 % 27.5 ppts. 1.8 % 14.4 % 12.6 ppts.
(a) See Note 3 for the number of shares used in this calculation.
Performance Metrics Unit Count 9/30/2021 9/30/2020 % Increase (Decrease) Franchise 51,070 49,003 4 Company-owned 1,081 1,123 (4) Total 52,151 50,126 4 Quarter ended Year to date 2021 2020 2021 2020 Same-store Sales Growth (Decline) % 5 (2) 12 (8) System Sales Growth (Decline) %, reported 11 1 18 (6) System Sales Growth (Decline) %, excluding FX 8 1 15 (5) 27 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The distribution of sales of our system by company and franchise was as follows:
Quarter ended Year to date 2021 2020 2021 2020 Consolidated Company sales(a)
$ 513 $ 486 $ 1,509 $ 1,244Franchise sales 13,828 12,457 40,341 34,108 System sales 14,341 12,943 41,850 35,352 Foreign Currency Impact on System sales(b) 298 N/A 1,297 N/A System sales, excluding FX $ 14,043 $ 12,943 $ 40,553 $ 35,352KFC Division Company sales(a) $ 143 $ 130 $ 423 $ 346Franchise sales 7,735 6,779 22,366 18,138 System sales 7,878 6,909 22,789 18,484 Foreign Currency Impact on System sales(b) 235 N/A 1,012 N/A System sales, excluding FX $ 7,643 $ 6,909 $ 21,777 $ 18,484Pizza Hut Division Company sales(a) $ 13 $ 20 $ 39 $ 57Franchise sales 3,157 2,974 9,370 8,491 System sales 3,170 2,994 9,409 8,548 Foreign Currency Impact on System sales(b) 59 N/A 267 N/A System sales, excluding FX $ 3,111 $ 2,994 $ 9,142 $ 8,548Taco Bell Division Company sales(a) $ 225 $ 218 $ 656 $ 610Franchise sales 2,918 2,696 8,556 7,464 System sales 3,143 2,914 9,212 8,074 Foreign Currency Impact on System sales(b) 4 N/A 18 N/A System sales, excluding FX $ 3,139 $ 2,914 $ 9,194 $ 8,074Habit Burger Grill Division Company sales(a) $ 132 $ 118 $ 391 $ 231Franchise sales 18 8 49 15 System sales 150 126 440 246 Foreign Currency Impact on System sales(b) - N/A - N/A System sales, excluding FX $ 150 $ 126 $ 440 $ 246
(a) Company sales represent sales from our company-operated stores, as presented in our condensed consolidated statements of earnings.
(b) The foreign currency impact on System sales is presented in relation only to the immediately preceding year presented. When determining applicable System sales growth percentages, the System sales excluding FX for the current year should be compared to the prior year System sales.
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