GadCapital Explains Important Financial Concepts Every Adult Should Understand


It’s best to have an essential awareness of financial principles when you’re in command of your money. But where do you begin?

With the help of a certified financial advisor at GAD Capital, we produced a list of what to know about money by the age of 30.

Personal wealth

Your net worth is a reflection of your financial health. It’s the difference between your overall assets and your entire debt. If your net worth is well into the positives, you’re in good financial shape; you’ve got some work to do if it’s in the negatives. Net worth can also be utilized to track your progress over time.

Inflation is the second factor.

Inflation is defined as an increase in the price of goods and services over time. You’ll be able to pay less and less as costs rise owing to inflation. The historical inflation rate is approximately 3% each year.

What matters most is whether your salary increases at the same rate as inflation. You won’t be able to afford much in a few years if your wage does not keep up with inflation.


Liquidity refers to how easily you may access your money. Cash is the most liquid kind of money since you can access it right away. While the inaccessibility of some assets, such as your home or retirement savings, allows them to appreciate over time, there are times when you need money right away.

Your emergency fund should be kept in a cash account since it needs to be accessible in an emergency. Money you’ve put into the stock market is less accessible since you risk losing some of it if you withdraw it.

There is a bull market.

A bull market is one in which the demand is rising, which is a desirable thing. This signifies that the market’s share prices are rising. A bull market usually indicates that the economy is doing well and that unemployment is low. The stock market in the United States is now in a bull market.

The bearish market

The polar opposite of a bull market is a bear market. To put it another way, the market is in decline. Share prices are falling, the economy is collapsing, and unemployment is rising.

It may sound like a horrible thing (and it is), but the most important thing to remember is that the market is a “rollercoaster,” which means it will go up and down and that people shouldn’t panic every time the market looks a little ursine. 

Tolerance for risk

Remember the roller coaster we talked about earlier? Risk tolerance refers to how comfortable you are with these swings. It’s a question of whether you comprehend the cycle or if you’re stressed about it. Your risk tolerance determines how risky you can be with your assets.

The amount of time you have to invest, your future earning potential, and your assets that aren’t invested, such as your home or inheritance, all factor into risk tolerance. Online tools from significant institutions like Wells Fargo, Merrill Lynch, and Vanguard can assist you in determining your own. Your net worth reveals a lot about how well you’re doing financially. 

Diversification and asset allocation

Your asset allocation, or where you keep your money, is determined by your specific needs and objectives. Diversification is also based on it. The purpose of diversification is to manage the risk we discussed in point six – what happens to your wealth if you keep your eggs “all in one basket, and the basket falls and breaks? You’ll need to keep some money in a separate account. Balancing can be achieved by diversification. You give up certain upsides in exchange for a reduction in drawbacks.

It’s important to remember that just distributing your money around won’t guarantee success. 

You must be strategic about where you invest to be properly diversified.


Interest might work in your favor or against you, depending on the situation. Interest means your money is going to work for you when it comes to saving money. You’re letting a bank borrow your money when you put your money in a savings account. Interest is the fee they charge you for borrowing money; it’s a percentage that fluctuates with the state of the economy.

When you borrow money from someone — for example, your credit card issuer — you must pay interest to them, just as the bank did to you when you borrowed yours. You’ll keep paying interest until you’ve repaid the money, so it’s critical to stay out of debt or pay it off as quickly as possible if you already are.

The concept of compound interest

Compound interest is interest earned on a “rolling balance,” rather than the initial principle.

Here’s an illustration: 

If you start with $100 and earn 7% interest yearly, you’ll have $107 at the end of the first year. 

You’ll receive 7% interest on $107 instead of $100 the following year (you’ll earn $7.49 instead of $7).


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